Lung cancer happens when normal cells of lung become abnormal and multiply very rapidly and abnormally. There are various types based on structure and response to treatment. Its one of the most common cancer and also leading cause of cancer related mortality worldwide.
- Hoarse voice
- Spitting or coughing up blood
- Headache and swelling of the face, arms, or neck
- Chest pain that can be dull, sharp, or stabbing
Yes. Your doctor after examining you may advice Chest X-ray. If the chest X-ray is suspicious of lung cancer, he or she will probably follow up with other tests. These can include:
- Blood tests
- CT or PET scan
- Biopsy – May be by bronchoscopy or CT scan guided.
- Surgery - Lung cancer in early stages can be treated with surgery
- Radiation therapy – Radiation kills cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy – Medicines that kills cancer cells or stop them from growing.
- Targeted therapy – Some medicines work only for cancers that have certain characteristics. Your doctor might advise tests like EGFR, ALK, ROS-1 etc to see if you have a kind of lung cancer that would respond to these medicines.
- Immunotherapy – Drugs that work with the body's infection-fighting system (the "immune system") to stop cancer growth.
Patients may require treatment for their symptoms also. For example, if you have trouble breathing because fluid has collected around your lungs, your doctor can drain the fluid to help you breathe more easily.
It can come at same site or it may appear at different site like liver, adrenal gland, bones or brain also. You may require treatment again with some of the above-mentioned line of treatment.